White Spots Kids Teeth
Children can develop white spot lesions on their teeth for a number of reasons. A lot of patients notice these lesions after braces come off which can be a result of poor oral hygiene while in braces that allowed plaque, bacteria, and acids to sit on the teeth.
White spot lesions can also be a genetic issue or even a result of trauma to the baby teeth that bruised the enamel on the underlying permanent teeth. Tooth deterioration can also occur if the spots are due to decalcified enamel.
Enamel hypoplasia is another development that can occur on baby teeth and appear white, yellow, or brown in color. White spots are also indicative of a mineral imbalance in the teeth, excessive fluoride, certain medications, or dental decay. Your child’s pediatric dentist can help you determine what is causing white spots on your child’s teeth with a complete oral exam and knowledge of their medical history as well as dietary habits.
If your child’s baby teeth were not discolored but their permanent teeth develop white spot lesions or other discoloration, they may have an excess of fluoride. Permanent teeth are forming in the jaw, beneath their baby teeth, around the age of three so if a child is given fluoride supplements, dental stain might be attributed to fluorosis, an excess of fluoride. Most drinking water supplies are flora dated so unless the child lives in an area where water is not fluoridated, fluoride supplements are not necessary.
Dental decay can occur if your child’s teeth are not brushed frequently, at least twice a day, and flossed at least once a day. The health of your child’s baby teeth directly affects the health of their permanent teeth so proper oral care at every stage of life is very important. When plaque is left on the teeth, the bacteria and acid in the plaque can eventually penetrate the enamel and cause a cavity. If white spots on baby teeth have been diagnosed as decay, your child’s pediatric dentist can remove the decay and use a tooth colored resin material to restore the tooth.
Teaching your child proper oral hygiene will have a lifelong impact on their dental health as well as their overall well-being. It is important that you help your child brush and floss their teeth until they are old enough to do so on their own. Their pediatric hygienist can help teach them how to brush and floss properly though you may need to step in every once in a while!
As children grow, their self-esteem can be negatively impacted by white spots or staining on their teeth but their pediatric dentist can treat discoloration, even if it is strictly a cosmetic issue. If your child has spots or staining that makes them uncomfortable when they smile, speak with their pediatric dentist to see what options are available to give them a smile they are proud to show off!