Most Common Gingivitis Seen In Children?
Gingivitis what is it?
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums. Most often, it is due to insufficient oral hygiene: a tartar plaque rich in bacteria then forms on the teeth. The multiplication of these bacteria leads to inflammation and then infection of the gums. A misalignment of the teeth, an ill-fitting dental prosthesis, smoking and/or a weak immune system also increase the risk of suffering from gingivitis. This immune weakness can have many causes such as illness (eg diabetes, HIV infection), vitamin C deficiency, drug treatment, significant emotional stress (following bereavement for example) or even major hormonal upheavals (e.g. pregnancy, menopause).
For an adult, gum care requires good oral hygiene; the same is true for a child. Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums due to the attack of bacteria from dental plaque. The gums become red and puffy. Childhood gingivitis is not uncommon and is the result of poor hygiene often linked to poor brushing technique or insufficient brushing. To remedy this, help your child to brush his teeth well morning and evening.
Causes of gingivitis in children
As in adults, insufficient toothbrushing remains the most common cause of gingivitis. However, children can also suffer from acute gingivitis during teething! The inflammation usually only lasts a few days, until the tooth comes out. If the pain is too great, the application of an anesthetic gel may be necessary to relieve the child.
What are the symptoms?
Gingivitis is sometimes asymptomatic but most often it manifests:
- by very red and painful gums;
- by swelling of the gums;
- by frequent bleeding, especially when brushing your teeth;
- sometimes by the formation of a dental abscess;
- possibly bad breath.
Diagnosis and treatment of gingivitis
Normally, the dentist just needs to ask you about your symptoms and examine your gums to make a diagnosis. An X-ray may possibly be done to ensure that the jaw bones are not affected. The treatment of gingivitis consists mainly of a good scaling. An antiseptic mouthwash and toothpastes designed specifically to combat gingivitis may also be prescribed in addition.
from the mouth to the placenta via the bloodstream. They can then activate prostaglandins, the hormones responsible for uterine contractions. In other words, gingivitis increases the chances of premature delivery. Finally, although the cases are rarer, gingivitis also increases the risk of pre-eclampsia. Fortunately, taking care of your teeth during pregnancy helps to avoid these complications.
How to prevent gingivitis?
The best way to prevent gingivitis is to take care of your dental hygiene. So brush your teeth thoroughly after each meal. Warning: if you vomit, rinse your mouth with plenty of water (the acidity of gastric juices can attack tooth enamel) and wait 30 minutes before brushing your teeth. You can also floss once a day to remove plaque between your teeth. Also reduce your consumption of sweets, cakes and other sweets rich in added sugars because they promote the formation of tartar.